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Technical Data Sheet

  • HTF - pharmaceutical processing
  • Hard surface care
  • Industrial cleaners
  • Institutional cleaners
  • Tannery
  • Textile

Product Description

Formic acid is abundant in nature and has been used for many years as an environmentally friendly alternative in industries such as textiles, natural rubber and leather processing. It is also used in agriculture, as well as in the production of medicines, cosmetics, detergents and disinfectants. It has excellent properties in controlling acidity, while at the same time effectively restricting microbial growth.

Formic acid is the strongest of the simple, unsaturated carboxylic acids. Furthermore, unlike other organic acids, formic acid has the advantage of being both a carboxylic acid and an aldehyde. It acts, therefore, both as an acidifying and a reducing agent, which clearly gives formic acid enhanced potential for use in industry.

he Formic acid production has certified EHSQ management systems in accordance with ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 and FAMI-QS standards.

Typical Properties

PropertyTypical Value, Units
Molecular FormulaCH2O2
Structural formulaHCOOH
Molecular Weight46.025 g/mol
Dissociation constant, pKa3.7
     @ 20°C1.2133 g/cm3
Dynamic viscosity 
     @ 20°C2.1 mPa·s
Freezing Point1.6 °C
Boiling Point100 °C
Flash Point55 °C
Autoignition Temperature>520 °C
Assay94-96 %


Available as bulk, IBCs (1000 L) and cans (30 L).

Please see the Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the material.

Properties reported here are typical of average lots. Eastman makes no representation that the material in any particular shipment will conform exactly to the values given.

Eastman and its marketing affiliates shall not be responsible for the use of this information, or of any product, method, or apparatus mentioned, and you must make your own determination of its suitability and completeness for your own use, for the protection of the environment, and for the health and safety of your employees and purchasers of your products. No warranty is made of the merchantability of fitness of any product, and nothing herein waives any of the Seller's conditions of sale.

8/21/2019 8:07:23 AM